Spurge is a very original plant, both for its flowering and for its foliage.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Euphorbia
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Type : Perennial
Height : 40 to 120 cm
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Ground : Ordinary
Foliage : Persistent
Flowering : May to July
It amazes in the spring and the rest of the year, especially with its evergreen foliage.
The spurge planting takes place in autumn, in order to promote rooting before winter and therefore recovery in spring.
You can also plant it up toin spring but avoiding periods of frost. If you plant in the spring, you will need to provide more regular watering the 1st year.
- The soil should be well drained.
- Spurge dreads too rich soils, there is therefore no need to amend the soil with fertilizer.
- Avoid moving the euphorbias as they don't like it.
- Each variety of spurge has different characteristics and needs that vary from one to another. So find out when buying whether it prefers cool, damp soil, very sunny exposure or light shade ...
Here are some interesting varieties with distinct peculiarities.
For a dry and sunny situation, we will prefer theEuphorbia Characiasor Euphorbia Blackbord.
In case of light shade, choose theEuphorbia palustris or Marsh spurge, she also likes cool soil.
If you fear cold winters and frosts, we can plant theEuphorbia griffithii because it resists down to -15 °.
Finally, if you want an easy to grow spurge, choose thetonsil spurge var Robbiae.
Spurge in pot
It is quite possible to grow your euphorbias in pots. It is even an interesting idea to adorn your terraces and balconies.
- Choose a container pierced at the bottom for drainage
- Plant the spurge in a potting soil universal, plantation or horticultural.
- Avoid overly hot situations, partial shade is even recommended.
- More regular watering is recommended with mulching at the foot of the spurge.
- Water as soon as the soil is dry because in pots the soil dries out much faster.
Once established, spurge is considered a very easy to care plant and requires very little care.
Remove the flowers as they wilt and protect your hands latex because it causes skin inflammation.
- At the end of the season, cut back as quickly as possible in the fall if it freezes in your area.
- Always protect yourself with gloves because latex is toxic
- If you want the plant to reseed on its own, don't touch it!
Euphorbias don't like to be moved so choose the right place to plant them from the start.
Good to know about spurge
Spurge (euphorbia) is a pretty perennial, complex and original. It has a large number of species, there are more than 2300. The only point common to all euphorbias is the production of latex, both irritant and toxice.
This is how it is found in the form perennial, annual, biennial and sometimes even in the shrub form.
It therefore needs a favorable climate to keep its foliage during the 4 seasons.
Its development is rapid and important, which makes it a excellent ground cover.
Finally, if its tangy color surprises you in spring, know that this plant is of interest throughout the year when the foliage persists.
- This plant will preferably be planted in clumps and on the edge.
You can use the flowers in a bouquet, it is very decorative.
When handling, use gloves as all parts of the spurge are toxic.
To read also:
- Multiply your euphorbias by division of the tuft